A guide to breeding
Breeding and hatching quails is a science in itself. In our opinion the following document on Incubating and hatching eggs (reproduced with permission) is the comprehensive bible for hatching eggs written by Associate Professor Aubrey Lee Cartwright from Texas A&M University. For further articles and publications on this and other subjects please consult the AgriLife Bookstore.
Following is a brief overview for the different species of quail.
|Common name||Incubation period||Egg colour||Notes|
|Bobwhite||21-23 days||White||Circulated Air incubators: 37.64 °C. 40% wet bulb, increase to 80% in the last 2 days of incubation.|
|California Valley Quail||22-23 days||Buff/cream with brown spots||Incubation as in Bobwhite.|
|Gambel's Quail||21-23 days||Pale buff to white with moderate pink/brown spots||Lower humidity than two above species, wet bulb of 40%. Hens will lay several clutches in captivity, reports of 50 eggs per hen are not uncommon.|
|Scaled Quail||22-23 days||Pale Buff to cream, light spotting.||Humidity: 40% wet bulb.|
|Elegant Quail||22-23 days||White||Humidity as in Scaled; chicks may not start eating on their own. Also known as Benson or Douglas Quail.|
|Montezuma Quail||24-25 days||White||Keep wet bulb at 40%. Chicks will need help to learn to eat.|
|Mountain Quail||24-25 days||Pale buff to cream, no spotting||Wet Bulb of 40%.|
|Chinese Painted Quail||16 days||Brown, mottled with black||Very tiny chicks, can slip through ½ inch hardware cloth. Better known as the Button Quail.|
|Coturnix Quail||16-17 days||Brown, mottled with black||Also known as the Pharaoh Quail and Migratory Quail. Commercially raised for meat and eggs.|